Music Definitions A to Z, Glossary of Music Terms - (2023)

Table of Contents
The chapel Speed ​​up He's leaving Coincidentally Accompanied Accompany accordion Acoustically Acoustic action saying adiagietto Affectionate rushed Hectic Arkansas Allegretto Alegre Greater than alternative analogous thing Andante Cheered up Hino Antiphon Arabesque Silver Arpegiar agreement big baby small thing gait foles ballet Banjo Bar compass bar baritone Baroque Low bassoon Stock To defeat Beats per minute (BPM) Bis Blues Body bongo Ver dirty Ponte broken chord cadence cadence decreasing Kanon Kantor Capela Cheer up ring Carol chestnuts celeste cello Harpa Celta chamber music Song Koro coral chords choreography chromatic clarinet Classic Chaves clavicórdio clave Koda ordinary time show unit Behavior Horn I count on counterpoint Crescendo weave From the beginning damper pedal decibel didgeridoo with reduce discord dissonance dulce Dominant Point double dashed line double bass double apartment doubly acute Abblasen slaughtered buzz Tambor electronic battery duet Hackbrett Doble dynamic effects pedal Electric Bis Prayer equal votes For study eurythmic woman A practice Falsetto Fandango Fanfare violin cinco Scale fingering Lie Flamenco plano flutist flute Fortaleza very strong four/four hours Waldhorn Bund diapason Slide ring Gong funny note glue piano cueva Gregorian singing guitar guitar tablature harmonic harmonics Armonio Harmony arpa Cylinder head Horn Hino unexpectedly improvisation Instrumental instrumentation interlude Interval introduction impromptu session Jazz talk Gusto main note sign koto Largo auxiliary line Connected To be shortcut Letter butts big scale Mandolin maracas March marimba Measure media file sorry metronome a bit strong microphone midi Minimum minor scale mixer Moderate Modulation Movement MP3 MP3 multitimbral Music Period night music Naturally The neck night Notation supervision nylon string guitar Oboe Ocarina comprar Open wake open oper orchestra Organo exaggerate pan float Romper Pedal pentatonic Battery perfect step Philharmonic Piano Piano I play the flute vans Tomás caught Spike polyphony Polyphony Transport prelude Seminima quartet reina Tape recorder coro Record repeat sign resolution Chill out RHAPSODY rhythm riff touched they delay jug Rock and roll fundamental saxophone Scale full note Semicolcheia halbton Scharf blinds on the side read characters zither Slide Defamation Solo of the soloist sonata lied soprano Where I am? Schallloch Staccato Employees Time steel strips steel string guitar Stengel tear sustain pedal Syncope synthesis synthesizer aba Tambourine Tempo Tenor three/four times Atar time stamp eardrums tin whistle hacked Tomás transcribed Transport treble clef triangle trinado triplet trombone Trumpet Tuba Tubular Bells diapason shout out harmony upright piano Valve vibraphone vibrato Viola violin violin family Virgen Walsa wav-file western harmonica whole bar wind instruments Wire brush woodwind

The chapel

The word a cappella (or acapella) is used to describe choral music, usually sung in the "cappella" style. A cappella is performed without accompaniment and usually has well-defined harmonies.

Speed ​​up

The word Accelerando comes from Italian and means to speed up. Written in music, accelerating means that the music gradually becomes faster.

He's leaving

The word acciaccatura comes from the Italian for crushed. In music, it means an additional grace note played just before the main note and released immediately. The notation for this type of grace note is defined by the root of the cross note.


An accidental means that a particular note is played higher or flatter than the normal key of the piece. When an accidental is written to music, it applies only to the measure in which it occurs, and not to subsequent measures. If you want the note to be accidental again, the song must be repeated in the following measures.


The word accompagnato comes from Italian and means to accompany. The musical accompaniment must follow the singer, so the singer can vary the tempo or speed at her whim.


In music, accompanying means performing with another performer, but usually in the background, ie. Do not dominate the main artist.


An accordion is a portable keyboard or button-based instrument. It is usually a box-shaped instrument with metal reeds made to vibrate by forcing air from the bellows. To produce a sound, the player's hands touch the bellows from one side to the other. Notes are selected by the action of the musician's fingers on the keys or in the normal keyboard layout.


The word acoustic is used to distinguish between an electric or electronic instrument and a non-electric instrument, for example, an acoustic guitar versus an electric guitar.


The word acoustic refers to sound. It can be used to discuss both the science of acoustics (the physics of sound) and building acoustics (the sound properties of a building, whether the sound lasts for a long time or not).


The word action mainly refers to a guitar. The action of a guitar refers to the height of the strings above the fingerboard.


The word adagio means that a piece of music should be played slowly. However, it is not as slow as Largo.


Not as slow as the Adagio. The word Adiagietto can also be used to denote a short Adagio composition.


The word Affettuoso means with feeling or tender.


The word affrettando comes from Italian and means to get excited. Written in music means go faster.


The word agitato means that a piece of music should be played enthusiastically or quickly.


An aria is a simple melody or melody for voice or instrument, as in Bach's aria on the G string.


Music to play fast, but not as fast as the Allegro.


Allegro means that the music should play fast and energetic, but not as fast as presto.

Greater than

In terms of pitch, altissimo means very high.


One also usually refers to a singer, but can also refer to an instrument such as an alto saxophone or alto flute. Also, it means the part of the voice under the soprano. A piece of music written for alto can be sung by men (but they must sing falsetto like in Bohemian Rhapsody), or more generally by women or children.

analogous thing

Analog or analog formats use vibrations to replicate sound waves. The downside of analog over digital formats is that sound loses quality every time it's transferred or copied from one device to another. Analog formats also lack the ability to store additional information, such as timecodes and recording specifications. Digital is superior in this regard.


Andante refers to a flowing piece of music. However, be careful not to interpret this term as fast.

Cheered up

The term animato means that a piece of music must be animated or play animated.


A hymn is a song composition sung at state or religious services. For example a national anthem.


Antiphon comes from the Greek term for transverse sound. An antiphon is a religious chant, typically a part of Roman Catholic/Greek Orthodox services. An antiphon may be sung in response between a single voice and a group of voices, or between two different groups of singers.


The word arabesque, originally a French term describing a short, decorative piece of music. The arabesque is sometimes applied to instrumental music.


An aria refers to operas and complex musical pieces written for an opera soloist with instrumental accompaniment.


The word originally comes from Italian in the form of a harp. An arpeggio is a chord played note by note. So a C major arpeggio would simply be the notes C, G, and C (high) played in succession. Often an arpeggio can be played forward and then backward.


By arranging music, the music is tuned to the specific instruments they will be playing. A musical arrangement can also be a piece of music written for an instrument other than the one for which it was originally written.

big baby

A baby grand is a type of piano that is smaller than a concert grand and, unlike an upright piano, is a horizontally framed upright piano that is strung horizontally.

small thing

A trifle is a short piece of music, often written for the piano. Bagatelle is also the name of a popular Irish band.

gait foles

The bagpipe is one of the oldest musical instruments and is typically associated with Scotland. The buzz and musical tone come from a reed tube. Playing the bagpipes is done by pressing the fingertips while the flutist/player moves the arm expelling the air from the bag. There is an air reservoir in the bag that allows notes to be played continuously.


Ballet is a classical dance form of Italian origin. Ballet usually has an orchestral or operatic accompaniment. Ballet is a highly trained dance.


A banjo is a guitar-style fretted instrument, usually having five metal strings and plucked or plucked with the fingers or a plectrum.


A bar is a section of written music indicated by a vertical line called the bar line on the staff. The term bar generally refers to the area between 2 rows of vertical bars.

compass bar

A vertical line that marks the end of one measure of music and the beginning of another measure.


A baritone generally refers to a male voice that falls between tenor and bass. The term baritone can also refer to a wind instrument with that name or to an instrument with a baritone range.


Baroque is a musical term used to describe a specific style of music from the 1600s and 1700s. Baroque music can be found in many harpsichord pieces from this period.


The term bass refers to a low note, an instrument that produces a low note, or a singer who can sing a low note. A singer who can sing a very low note is called a basso profundo, which means very low. Instruments such as the double bass or double bass can produce low tones to accompany music.


A bassoon is a bass instrument that is one of the largest instruments in the orchestra and produces a deep, low tone.


A baton is a thin staff used by a conductor to conduct (conduct) the orchestra.

To defeat

A rhythmic division of music that is generally perceived as a regular beat within a piece of music.

Beats per minute (BPM)

Beats per minute refers to the tempo or speed of a song. Modern music, such as dance music or drum n bass, has BPMs between 160 and 200. The tempo or BPM is faster the higher the BPM number. So a slow waltz can only be 70-80 BPM.


In music, encore, which means twice, would be an instruction that a particular section of music is to be played twice.


Blues is a typically slow, melancholic, and rhythmic style of music. It originated in the United States as a kind of black folk music.


The term body refers to the main part of a guitar. The body would be the section of the guitar that contains the sound hole.


A bongo is a small drum played with the fingers and is used primarily in Latin dance bands.


A bow is a stick on which many strands of horsehair are stretched. A bow is used to vibrate and play the strings of a violin and other stringed instruments (excluding stringed instruments such as the guitar and banjo).


Wind instruments are collectively referred to as the brass or brass section. A symphony orchestra is usually made up of 4 trumpets, 3 trumpets, 1 bass and 2 tenor trombones, and 1 tuba.


A bridge is a piece of wood on a stringed instrument such as a violin or guitar. The bridge supports and lifts the strings, helping to transmit vibrations and produce a clean tone.

broken chord

A broken chord is a chord in which the notes are played one after the other instead of simultaneously.


A cadence in music is a specific sequence (set) of chords that marks the end of a movement or piece of music.


A cadenza is a section of music that shows the skill of a musician or singer. A cadenza is usually placed near the end of a piece of music to inspire applause. Traditionally, a cadenza is improvised, but this is rarely the case these days.


A fretting is a musical instruction to a player that the music should be slowed down in volume or tempo.


A canon is a piece or section of music in which a melody or phrase is repeated by other voices or instruments. The second voice or instrument starts before the previous one ends, producing an echo-like effect. Typically, a canon is most commonly seen in a round where each voice starts over as it reaches the end of the melody, creating a perpetual canon.


A cantor is the name of a person who leads singing or singing in Christian or Jewish worship or music.


The word a cappella (or acapella) is used to describe choral music, usually sung in the "cappella" style. A cappella is performed without accompaniment and usually has well-defined harmonies.

Cheer up

A capriccio, also known as a capriccio, is a lively and fun piece of music. It is typically used to refer to the artist's mood or performance of the piece rather than the specific type of music.


The word carillon refers to the ringing of a series of bells. Carillon bells are usually found in a church steeple. Melodies can be played on the bells by pulling strings or using other mechanical methods.


Carol is a song of religious celebration or a song of joy. The best known type of song is a Christmas carol.


Castanets are a Spanish percussion instrument consisting of two small hollow wooden shells that are played by striking them with the fingers. Castanets are mainly used by Spanish dancers. Castanets are occasionally used in an orchestra where the castanets are mounted on a small pole for ease of playing.


A celeste or celesta is a small musical instrument similar to a piano. The celeste has hammers that strike metal rods and has a high-pitched, bell-like sound. The most famous use of Celeste was in Tchaikovsky's Dance of the Sugar Plum Pixie from the ballet The Nutcracker.


A cello is a member of the bass family of stringed instruments. The cello is tuned one octave lower than the viola.

Harpa Celta

The Celtic harp is a small harp traditionally from Ireland that does not have pedals (unlike larger harps). The Celtic harp can be played on the knee. The Celtic harp is also known as a minstrel's harp or a minstrel's harp.

chamber music

Chamber music was composed with the intention of being performed by a single musician in trios, quartets, and quintets. The most common form of chamber music is the string quartet.


The word chanson comes from the French for song. Chanson is a style of polyphonic music or music with repeated verses. Chanson was popular in France between the 14th and 16th centuries.


A choir is a group of singers most popular in churches and places of worship.


The term choral refers to a choir or choral group.


A series of musical notes, usually three or four, played simultaneously. A chord usually contains a root and other tones that have a tonal relationship to that root. The C chord contains the C root and 2 other tones E and G which are the 3rd and 5th tones in the C scale.


Choreography is the art of organizing a dance to the rhythm of music. A choreographer is in charge of organizing the dance. Choreography is particularly associated with ballet.


The term chromatic refers to a musical scale in which all the intervals between notes are a semitone or semitone step.


A clarinet is a woodwind instrument with a straight wooden body and a single reed. The clarinet has been used since the mid-18th century. The clarinet is part of symphony orchestras and is used as a solo instrument in chamber music.


Classical music is a musical genre that historically refers to music written during the so-called Classical period (c. 1770-1840). Classical refers specifically to the music of classical composers such as Beethoven, Haydn, and Mozart. Classical music is usually written accurately (using standard musical notation) with each instrument and its part carefully indicated on various staves.


The claves are two wooden sticks that are used as percussion instruments. Claves are played together to establish the rhythm of Latin dance music.


The clavichord is a keyboard instrument with strings played by metal tangents. From the 16th to the 18th century, the clavichord was popular as a solo instrument. The clavichord is often referred to as a clavier, and clavier is the French word for keyboard.


A clef (such as the treble clef or bass clef) is a mark that defines the position of a particular note on the staff, and therefore the position of all other notes.


A coda is a final section of a piece of music designed to end a song in a structured way. The coda is usually done in a short style, but sometimes the coda can be expanded and elaborated to show the skill of the performer or composer.

ordinary time

Common time is another name for the 4:4 time signature, in which the time signature contains four quarter (quarter) notes. The time together can be indicated with a type C symbol on the staff.


A concert is a musical performance in front of an audience. The concerts are usually given by a group of various artists. The term for an event involving one or two performers is often called a concert. However, in rock or pop music, the term concert is used for solo artists performing in front of an audience.


The notes in Concord are a chord or combination of notes that are in complete harmony. The term concordance is the opposite of discord.


Conducting music means controlling the performance of a group of musicians or singers with movements of the hand or a stick. The conductor uses movements to mark the time and tempo of the piece of music. This movement instructs the musicians to enter at the right time and at the right speed. A good conductor can ensure that the musicians play well together as a group. The conductor also controls the changes in tempo, the instruments to be played aloud, the tonal balance, and additional emotional emphasis throughout the piece.


A cornet is a brass wind instrument with a typical cup-shaped brass mouthpiece and three valves that control the notes played. It looks like a shorter trumpet but has a softer sound than a trumpet. Horns are used primarily in marching and military bands.

I count on

A count-in (or count-in) is used before a piece of music begins to indicate when to enter and how fast to play the piece. The count is determined by the tempo of the piece and whether there are notes to play before the next full bar.


Counterpoint is when two or more melodies are combined in such a way that they form a harmonic melody.


A crescendo is when a passage or piece of music gradually increases in volume and reaches a peak in volume.


A quarter is a note with a quarter of the time value of a whole note or a whole note. A black note is called a quarter note.

From the beginning

Da capo is usually associated with D.C. abbreviated. and it is an instruction to repeat from the beginning. the termhead tomeans repeat from beginning to end. finally the endback to the brandmeans repeat until the specified signal is reached.

damper pedal

A soft pedal is the piano pedal that causes the piano hammer to hit only one string instead of all three. The soft pedal allows the pianist to play lower and also dampens the pitch of the note. The correct name for the strong pedal ison a ropePedal, from Italian, means rope. The damper pedal is often referred to as a soft pedal.


The decibel is a standard measure of sound intensity. Often abbreviated as dB. There are standard levels you can compare decibel levels to, e.g. a jet plane would be 100 to 120 dB, while a room with people talking would be 20 to 40 dB.


A didgeridoo is an Australian Aboriginal wind instrument made from a hollowed-out tree trunk that produces a deep droning sound. The didgeridoo is a way for Aboriginal people to tell stories through the music and music of the didgeridoo. When played correctly, the didgeridoo can be quite melodic with slow lip vibrations, with a variety of sounds that can even imitate birdsong.


Dim is short for diminuendo, which means to decrease. Also, in the Chords and Tabs section of this website you can see chords marked as Dim, for example Cdim - that is, the C diminished chord - (C minor with a flatted fifth).


Flattened is a term indicating that the difference in pitch between two notes (the interval) has been lowered by one semitone (semitone). Generally diminished is only used to describe a diminished 5 or 7 note.


The opposite of a concordance, a dissonance, is a combination of notes that sound harsh and uncomfortable.


Dissonance occurs when two or more notes are played together to create dissonance. A dissonance can be used to emphasize harmonies, making the notes stand out and resolve into a concordant sound.


Dolce is a musical instruction for a musician or singer to play a musical passage in a soft/sweet style.


Dominant refers to the fifth note of the diatonic scale. This applies to both major and minor keys. The dominant note in the key of C is G.


A period can be placed above or after notes in musical notation. The dot above a note means that the note should be played staccato, so the note should be kept shorter than its full length. If the dot is placed after a note, the note's time value is halved, leaving a dotted half note for 3 beats. A double period after the note increases the tempo by three quarters.

double dashed line

A double slash is used to indicate the end of a section or piece of music. The double bar line is represented by 2 vertical lines in musical notation.

double bass

The double bass is the largest stringed instrument in the symphony orchestra. It also claims a reputation for having the shortest range. It may have four or five strings and is played with a bow, similar to a violin but played vertically. A symphony orchestra usually consists of eight people. The double bass can also be played in jazz music, but in this case the instrument is fingered.

double apartment

A double flat is an instruction for a musician to lower the pitch of a note by two semitones. Therefore, the note of G double flat becomes the note of F.

doubly acute

A double sharp is an instruction to a player that the pitch of a note should be raised two semitones. Therefore, the sharp double tone of G becomes the tone of A.


When playing stringed instruments such as a guitar, the downward motion refers to the movement of the right hand from top to bottom.


The downbeat is the downward motion of a conductor's baton or hand. The downbeat marks the accented beats in a bar. For example. In 3/4 time, the downbeat is on the first beat of each bar.


A drone is a steady note or notes of a specific pitch that sounds like a steady bass accompaniment to the melody. A buzz is particularly noticeable when listening to bagpipes.


A drum is a percussion instrument over which a skin or other membrane is stretched. This section, which has the skin or membrane, is called the eardrum. Drumming is played with sticks or, on certain drums, with the hands.

electronic battery

A drum machine is an electronic instrument that can synthesize drum hits, rhythm patterns, and other percussive sounds.


A duet is a vocal or instrumental piece of music consisting of two equal parts. A duet may consist of two melodic voices, a two-part harmony, or a two-part passage with musical accompaniment.


A dulcimer is a musical instrument that originated in Persia (now Iran). In a dulcimer, the taut strings are struck with hammers.


A doublet is a pair of notes that have the same time value but occupy the time of three notes. In a doublet, a note can optionally be replaced by a rest.


Dynamics refers to the different volume levels, high and low, in a piece of music. The dynamics can be illustrated with symbols likef,F,please,pages.

effects pedal

Effects pedals are used to create additional effects, amplify current sounds, or switch outputs. Electronic pedals produce modified sounds that are then sent to an amplifier or recording device. Effects pedals (or effects boxes) include overdrive, wah-wah, reverb, chorus, and flange.


The term electric, when applied to a musical instrument, means that it requires electrical amplification, such as an electric guitar. Electric guitars can be amplified by feeding the output of the guitar into an amplifier.


The word Encore means again in French, and that's what it implies. When an audience requests an encore, they are requesting an additional or repeat performance.


Ensemble refers to a group of performers (singers or instrumentalists) who regularly perform music as a group.

equal votes

Equal Voices refers to voices of the same type; An example of music written for equal voices might call for three altos or five sopranos.

For study

An etude is an instrumental piece of music written to develop or demonstrate certain aspects of a musician's technique. Studies are often used in piano lessons.

eurythmic woman

Eurythmy is a way of expressing musical rhythm through a system of body movements. The eurythmy system was developed by Emile Jaques Dalcroze, who founded an institute for the promotion of eurythmy in Germany in the early 20th century. The word Eurythmics (a variation) was also the name of a British band featuring singer Annie Lennox.

A practice

An exercise is a piece of music written specifically to improve a musician's or singer's technique.


Falset is when a singer has to sing much higher than they can. The singers' range will be limited, but singing in falsetto allows the singer to reach a greater range.


A fandango is a Spanish rhythmic dance in triple time. The fandango is accompanied by castanets and guitar.


A fanfare is a piece of music for trumpets or other wind instruments, usually played as a proclamation, proclamation, or introduction to an event.


A fiddle looks similar to a fiddle, but is actually the ancestor of the bowed instrument that later became the fiddle.


A small side-breathing flute popular in marching bands. Fife and drum bands are popular in Scotland and Northern Ireland.


A neck is the section of a stringed instrument over which the strings are stretched. The fingerboard gets its name because the musician's fingers must press down on the strings to select the desired note.


Fingering refers to the use of a player's fingers to play an instrument. The term can also be used in certain chord progressions or tablature to specifically identify which fingers should play which notes and chords.


Two hits on the side drum, the first hit being a short note and the second a long note.


A type of guitar, dance and folk music closely associated with Andalusia in southern Spain, believed to be of Gypsy or Moorish origin.


The mark that, when placed before a note, lowers its pitch by one semitone. An instrument or voice is said to be flat if it falls below the true pitch.


A flutist is a person who plays the flute.


The flute is a woodwind instrument that can be blown from side to side. Most commonly, a flute refers to the side-breathing orchestral wind instrument. Typically, a flute is made of metal, although wooden flutes are still used.


The Forte musical instruction is an instruction for the performer to play a loud instrument or sing loudly. Abbreviated asF.

very strong

The Fortissimo musical instruction is an instruction for the performer to play an instrument very loudly or sing very loudly. Abbreviated asf.

four/four hours

A four-beat bar in a music bar. Time signature is indicated by a 4 over a 4.


The French horn is a valved wind instrument commonly used in orchestras, including woodwind, military, and concert bands.


A strip of wood, metal, or gut that runs through the neck of a stringed instrument, e.g. B. a guitar. The fret allows for easier, more precise and accurate fingering for proper note selection.


The fingerboard is the front part of a guitar neck that contains the frets.


Glissando is a method of playing the piano, guitar, or harp in which the player glides rapidly up or down the scale, each note or semitone being played clearly.


A glockenspiel is a percussion instrument made up of tuned metal bars arranged in the same arrangement as the keys on a piano. The carillon keys produce a bell-like sound when struck with small hand-held hammers.


A gong is a percussion instrument, usually having a low but unspecified tone or overtone. A gong is a large metal disc struck with a silent hammer or stick. The gong originally comes from Asia (often used in Chinese and Japanese music), the gong has been played in Western orchestras since the 18th century. The recent (famous) use of a gong can be heard at the end of Bohemian Rhapsody.

funny note

A grace note is a note that is played as a complement to the main melody, usually it can be a fast note and the musician adds it as soon as possible. In a musical score, grace notes are usually printed in smaller type.

glue piano

A grand piano is a large horizontal piano commonly used in orchestras. The smallest version of a grand piano is a Baby Grand.


Grave is an instruction for the performer to play a piece of music slowly and seriously.

Gregorian singing

Gregorian chant is a type of song often sung by monks or priests.


A guitar is a stringed instrument played by pressing down on the strings and plucking or plucking the strings. The modern guitar has 6 strings, but 12-string versions are also common. The guitar is originally a Spanish instrument.

guitar tablature

Guitar tab is a system for reading and writing guitar music using numbers and tempos. The numbers and their relative positions are directly related to the positions on specific strings on a guitar. Guitar tablature is often abbreviated to guitar tablature or tablature.


A harmonica, also known as a harmonica, is a woodwind instrument consisting of a metal case that houses a set of metal reeds. The harmonica is mainly played in folk and blues music.


Harmonics are also known as harmonics because they are vibrations with frequencies that are multiples of the fundamental frequency. Harmonics can be achieved on a guitar at the 7th, 9th and 12th frets.


A harmonium is a keyboard instrument similar to a small organ. There are bellows on the harmonium and a series of pedals activate bellows that force air through a series of reeds. The tones are produced when the keys are pressed to force air through the reeds for that note.


A harmony or harmony line is commonly used in music. A harmony is playing notes that sound sweet because of the specific musical relationships between the notes. Simple harmonies are achieved by the 5th, 3rd, or 7th note of a chord.


The harp is a large stringed instrument where the person playing the harp plays the strings. There are registers and pedals on the harp that can change the sound. Harps are popular in Irish and Celtic music and the harp is the national symbol of Ireland.

Cylinder head

The headstock is the part of the guitar that is at the end of the neck. The headstock houses the machine heads used to tune a guitar.


The French horn is a brass wind instrument whose sound is produced by the vibrations of the musician's lips in the funnel-shaped metal mouthpiece. The best known type of horn is the French horn.


A hymn is traditionally a religious song in praise of God or a holy saint. Typically, a hymn is a Christian song, usually sung by congregations or church choirs.


An impromptu is a short instrumental work, sometimes improvised, that is a piece of music of the moment. Guitarists can also play improvised tunes: at the Queen Wembley '86 show, guitarist Brian May performed an improvised tune based on Brighton Rock. Improvised pieces are rarely the same every time they are played.


Improvisation is music played without prior thought or music. To improvise while playing a song, you need to be aware of the key you're playing in and the melody and direction of the music. Improvisation can be difficult, and classical composers like Lizst were adept at improvisation.


An instrumental is music written for musical instruments with little or no vocal content. The instruments are often used as background music during a movie or play.


Instrumentation is the writing and arranging of music for specific instruments.


An interlude is a short piece of music between two longer pieces. An interlude can also be music written to play between acts in a play.


The interval is the difference in pitch between two notes. The interval is calculated by counting the number of diatonic notes from the lowest note to the highest and including the notes at each end. For example, the interval from C to E above is a third, and G would be the fifth interval of C. Any interval greater than one octave (eight diatonic notes) is called a compound interval.


The introduction is the opening section of a piece of music. The introduction can usually be instrumental to set up the kay and leave the singers or other instruments. Movie scores can have quite a long introduction, as this builds anticipation during the introduction to the main part.

impromptu session

A jam session is an impromptu performance by several musicians. Jam sessions usually involve some improvisation and can be a great training tool for young musicians. Jam sessions are common in jazz music.


Jazz is a musical genre that originated in New Orleans in the early 20th century. Jazz is noted for having African-American roots, with music that has blue notes, melody improvisation, syncopation, and repeated rhythms.


The timpani or timpani is a type of tunable drum commonly used in classical music. Timpani, or timpani, have a membrane stretched over a large, hollow metal casing, the tension of which is controlled by screws and/or a foot pedal. These screws are then tightened or loosened for adjustment.


Pitch is an important element in music, and when a piece of music is based on a specific scale or key, it is said to be in that key. Therefore, a piece of music written in E major usually begins and ends in that key. Most modern music is written in major or minor. It is possible to change the key during the performance of a piece; in this case, it is called pitch modulation.

main note

The root note is the main note of the scale on which a piece of music is based.


A key signature is the method of designating the key of a piece and writing it on the sheet music. For example, a song written in the key of G has a key signature where an F# sharp is present. Therefore, all F notes played will be played as F# unless one note has been neutralized.


A koto is a Japanese instrument made up of 13 strings. The koto is played with three prongs that are worn on two fingers and the thumb.


Largo is an instruction to play a piece of music very slowly and gracefully.

auxiliary line

Basis lines are short lines that can be written on a score when notes appear above or below the five main lines of the staff. The ledger line is only used when the notes fall outside the main 5 lines to allow the notes to be identified.


Legato is an instruction to play a piece of music softly so that all the notes fit together, almost like a slur.

To be

Slow is an instruction to play a song slowly.


A loop is a short segment of sound or music that is repeated to play continuously in a melodic or rhythmic pattern. Rhythms, melodies and voices can be played repeatedly. Loops are predominantly used in electronic, hip-hop, or dance music, but are increasingly appearing in all styles. Digital video footage can also be looped to play over and over again, as is used in high-speed film.


A lyricist is the person responsible for writing the lyrics or lyrics of a song, opera, or piece of music.


The machine heads of a guitar are used to tune each string. The mechanics are housed in the head. Mechanical ones are also called tuning heads or tuning keys.

big scale

The major scale is a diatonic scale made up of eight ascending notes, from the tonic to its eighth. The sequence of intervals between notes in the major scale is as follows: tone - tone - semitone - tone - tone - tone - semitone. The name of the scale comes from the root note, so if it starts on F, it's the F major scale.


A mandolin is a small stringed instrument with four pairs of strings plucked with a plectrum.


Maracas are small percussion instruments from Latin America, usually containers filled with seeds or beads that rattle when shaken. Maracas are usually played in pairs and held in the hands.


A march is a piece of music, often written for marching soldiers (hence the name) or military bands.


The marimba is similar to the xylophone but with wooden sticks. The marimba is often used in the percussion section of the symphony orchestra.


A bar is another term to denote a music bar. The term measure is generally used only in the United States.

media file

A media file refers to any image, audio, or video file on a computer. Examples of this are wav, mp3, mpeg, avi or aiff files. These files can be edited, searched or manipulated with special editing software.


A melody or melody line is a sequence of consecutive musical notes that form the recognizable theme or melody of a song.


A metronome is a small, adjustable device that produces a sound based on a selected number of beats per minute. A metronome can be used to set the speed when practicing a piece of music.

a bit strong

The Mezzo Forte musical instruction is an instruction for the performer to play a moderately loud solo instrument or sing moderately loud. Abbreviated asm.f..


A microphone is a device used to capture sound to be recorded by a recording device. They typically come in two flavors, dynamic microphones and condenser microphones, and come in different shapes and sizes depending on the recording situation. All microphones are based on sound waves moving a membrane, where the movements are converted into an audio signal.


MIDI is a computer/audio standard that represents music in digital form. MIDI (almost like a protocol) allows electronic devices to work together to produce synchronized sound. A MIDI signal does not contain any actual sound, but shows, for example, which keyboard key is pressed, how hard, and for how long a certain key is pressed, or shows the effect of changing pitch controls, such as vibrato. , modulation or portamento on the sound.


A minim is a musical note that has half the time value of a whole note or a whole note.

minor scale

A minor scale is a diatonic scale made up of eight notes, from the root to its relative eighth. The sequence of intervals for minor scales between notes is as follows: tone - semitone - tone - tone - semitone - tone - tone. The scale name is taken from the root note, so if it starts on the note G, it's the G minor scale.


A mixer is an electronic audio device for mixing or mixing separate sound sources. There are many different types of audio mixers, with different features designed specifically for specific tasks. Mixers come in a variety of sizes, from basic 4-track mixers to full multi-track studio mixers.


Moderato is a tempo direction used to indicate a moderate tempo.


Modulation is a change in pitch within a piece of music.


A movement is an independent piece of a larger musical work, such as a sonata, quartet, concerto, or symphony. This may be referred to as the third or sixth move of a piece.


MP3 (MPEG Layer 3) is a compressed format for recording digital audio. MP3 files can be up to one-tenth the size of their original files and still have CD-like sound quality. The MP3 file format was derived from the MPEG Group. MPEG stands for Motion Pictures Engineers Group.


MP3 is a popular compressed audio format that is downloaded from the Internet and used with memory-based audio players such as the Apple iPod. MP3 files can be burned to CD-R or CD-RW media for playback in compatible DVD players, audio CD players, and CD-ROM drives. MP3 files are usually named with the .mp3 extension. MP3 sound quality varies depending on the recording/encoding bitrate used to sample the audio. Too much compression or too low a bit rate will result in poor sound quality.


The ability of a MIDI sound module or synthesizer to simultaneously produce different individual instrument voices is called multitimbral quality. Most modern synthesizers have at least 16 multitimbral parts.


Music is defined as the ordering of tones or sounds in sequence, combined to create a composition with unity and continuity. Music can be vocal, instrumental, or mechanical sounds with rhythm, melody, or harmony. Music sites are sites dedicated to the distribution and presentation of music or music information for reading, browsing or downloading. These websites may provide content, applications, streaming, or tools that enable a direct listening experience or promote awareness of music, including websites of musicians or record labels, websites that promote music events, or websites that teach music or about music. generally or technically.


A mute is a device attached to an instrument to soften, mute, or change its pitch. It could be an object inserted into the bell of a wind instrument or the bridge of a stringed instrument. For example. A silent trumpet.

night music

night music means in germannight musicand the most famous night music is that of MozartSome late night music.


A natural is a note that is neither too low nor too high. If a natural is placed on a note that is a flat sharp in that key, then the natural forces that note to be played without the flat sharp.

The neck

The neck is the part of a stringed instrument to which the fingerboard and frets are attached. The strings of such an instrument run around the neck.


Nocturne, from French, meansThe night, is a short piece, usually with three main sections.


Notation, particularly music notation, is the method of using symbols to write or notate a musical composition.


A note is a single pitch or sound of a specific length and pitch.

nylon string guitar

A nylon-string guitar is an acoustic guitar that has three nylon strings instead of all metal strings.


An oboe is a woodwind instrument with a double reed and a tapered reed. The oboe is played in orchestra, in chamber music, and as a solo instrument.


The ocarina is a small brass or ceramic wind instrument that produces a sound similar to that of a flute or pan flute. The ocarina is mainly played in Central Europe and South America.


An octave is the interval between two notes of the same name that are seven steps apart on a diatonic scale.


Open playing is a term used to indicate that a string on a stringed instrument is free to vibrate without being pressed.

wake open

An open chord is a chord that contains open strings.


An opera is a dramatic work that originated in Italy in the 18th century and in which the characters sing instead of speak. It is sung in a certain style (opera)


An orchestra is a large group of musical instrumentalists. In general, an orchestra includes the following sections: strings, woodwinds, brass; and drums. A symphony orchestra is capable of playing symphonies; a chamber orchestra is smaller.


An organ is a type of wind instrument made up of one or more sets of pipes that produce sound by forcing air into the pipes and valves. Pipe organs are widely used in churches and cathedrals.


Blowing an instrument too hard means blowing a wind instrument so hard that it ends up producing the upper harmonics.

pan float

Panpipes are musical instruments that have existed for more than 2,500 years. Panpipes consist of a series of vertical tubes of different lengths that are connected together. Panpipes are played by blowing into the ends of the whistle.


A rest is a sign used in musical notation to indicate that the note or rest should be held longer than normal. This duration is at the discretion of the directors or performers.


Pedals are foot-operated levers found primarily on pianos and some other keyboard instruments. The abbreviationped.often used in music notation to indicate that the sustain pedal should be depressed and used during notes marked Ped.


The pentatonic scale is a five-note scale, often represented by the five black piano keys C#, D#, F#, G#, and A#.


The most common type of percussion instrument is the drum. The term percussion is a general term for those instruments in which sound is produced by striking a surface with a stick or by hand.

perfect step

Perfect pitch is a person's ability to identify a particular note without referring to a previously played note. People who have perfect pitch (or have perfect pitch) can start a song without accompaniment and be sure they're in key when the instruments start playing.


A philharmonic orchestra is the same as a symphony orchestra.


A piano is a key-based instrument where the strings are struck with soft hammers. The piano is available in Upright, Grand, Baby Grand and E versions. The term piano can also mean piano music lessons, it is an instruction for the performer to play an instrument softly or sing softly. Abbreviated asPAG.


A modern keyboard instrument that produces sound by striking metal strings with hammers. These hammers are operated by keys operated by the player's fingers, which can vary in pressure and speed, and therefore in volume. The piano has pedals that control the dampers that keep the strings from vibrating and also a sustain pedal that keeps the strings vibrating longer. The piano is a very popular instrument in classical, romantic, jazz, pop, rock and folk music. Famous jazz pianists: Duke Ellington and Dave Brubeck.

I play the flute

Piccolo is a generic name for an instrument tuned higher than the main instrument, usually by 1 octave. Some examples of piccolo are piccolo trumpet and piccolo flute.


Pickups are electromagnetic devices housed under the strings of an electric guitar. The pickups create a signal that is amplified by a guitar amplifier. It is very common to have more than one set of pickups on an electric guitar.


Pitch is a measure of how high or low a note is relative to the pitch of other notes. The pitch of a note is determined by the frequency of vibrations per second of the medium that produces the sound. For example, the note of A in concert tuning is 440 Hz.


Pizzicato is a playing style for stringed instruments like the violin. When playing a pizzicato instrument, the piece should be played by plucking, not bowing, the strings. Pizzicato is abbreviated as Pizz. And an example of pizzicato strings are the notes C + E + F# played at the beginning of The Simpsons.


A pick is a small device used to pluck and pluck the strings of instruments such as the banjo and guitar. Plectrum is abbreviated to Plec by guitarists.


means polyphonicmany noises. MIDI devices or synthesizers can specify how many sounds can be played simultaneously, this can refer to their polyphony.


Polyphony refers to the number of individual notes that a device can play simultaneously. A monophonic synthesizer has only one voice. Most modern electronic music devices have a polyphony of 64-128.


The term portamento is used for notes that slide from one note to another without a break.


A prelude is an instrumental or orchestral piece that introduces a larger piece of music.


A quarter beat is a time division in music that is twice as long as an eighth beat.


A quartet is a performing group of four voices or instruments.


Queen, a rock band, was made up of Freddie Mercury (vocals/piano), Brian May (guitar), Roger Taylor (drums) and John Deacon (bass). The tragic death of Queen leader Freddie Mercury occurred on November 24, 1991. Between 1971 and 1991, they released more than 20 studio albums. Some of his most popular songs are: Bohemian Rhapsody, We Will Rock You, We Are The Champions, Another One Bites The Dust, Killer Queen, A Kind of Magic and Under Pressure.
For more information, seeQueen section of this site.

Tape recorder

The flute The flute is a type of tubeless wind instrument and is often the first instrument taught to children as it is fairly easy to play.


The chorus is the part of a song that is sung more than once. The chorus of a song is also called a chorus.


The term register is used to describe that part of a singer's or instrument's vocal range that produces its distinctive tonal quality.

repeat sign

The repeat sign is a set of 2 dots before a double line, indicating the repetition of a piece of music.


The resolution of a piece of music refers to the harmonic transition from dissonance to agreement.

Chill out

A rest is a musical signal indicating silence, either for one or more musicians, or for the entire ensemble of instruments.


Rhapsody is a term used to describe a musical work in one continuous movement.


Rhythm refers to the rhythm of music, or the sequence of events played with the right hand of a guitar that gives a piece of music a distinctive rhythm.


A riff is a short musical phrase that can be repeated many times during a piece, e.g. a guitar riff.


Ringtones are the sounds your phone makes when someone calls you. Ringtones can be changed or modified on most phones, some cell phones allow you to assign a specific ringtone to specific people. Ringtones can be purchased online or composed with ringtone composers that most Nokia phones have.

they delay

Ritardane is an instruction for the piece to slow down. Often shortened to rit.


Rock is a type of musical style. Rock music has been defined throughout history by its energy. There are various categories of rock including rock and roll, heavy metal, hard rock, alternative rock, pop rock, soft rock, and grunge music.

Rock and roll

Rock 'n' roll is a popular style of music that originated in the United States around 1955 and is characterized by the use of distinctive rhythms, electric guitars, and lead vocals.


A root is a note that names a chord or scale. For example. the root of the C chord is the note C.


A saxophone is a brass instrument; however, it is classified as a woodwind instrument and is named after its inventor, Adolphe Sax, who developed the saxophone in 1840. The saxophone has a unique reed and distinctive sound.


A scale is a sequence of notes in ascending or descending steps and based on a scale type. The types of scales can be major, minor, chromatic, diatonic or pentatonic and there are many more.

full note

A whole note is a whole note with the time value of two half notes or four quarter notes.


A sixteenth note is a sixteenth note of a note with a time value of 1/16 of a whole note.


The smallest interval used in modern music. Two semitones equal one whole tone.


A sharp is a # symbol placed in front of a note to raise its pitch by one semitone.

blinds on the side

A side drum, also sometimes referred to as a snare drum, has a head on both ends, and the upper head is struck with a pair of wooden drumsticks. The underside of the skins is in contact with strings (boxes) that often have beads attached, creating the characteristic rattle box effect.

read characters

Sight reading means being able to play or sing a piece of music without hesitation at first sight.


The sitar is an Indian instrument that has a long neck with strings attached to it. It is played with a pick on the right index finger and produces a very characteristic sound.


A slide is any device that changes the pitch of the notes produced in a slide effect.


A slur is a musical statement or instruction written as a curved line across two or more notes, indicating that they are seamlessly connected as one continuous phrase. When writing a slur in string music, these slurs are played like a bow. In vocal music, the slurs are sung all at once.


A solo is a piece of music performed by a musician.

of the soloist

A soloist is a person who sings or plays a solo piece or an instrument.


A sonata is a piece of music written in three distinct sections. For example. the moonlight sonata


A song is a musical composition with words. A song can be performed with or without accompaniment.


Soprano is the highest female voice and is also used to classify instruments such as the saxoprano.

Where I am?

A soundboard is a wooden board that increases the resonance of sound.


The sound hole is the hole in the front of a guitar from which sound is projected.


Staccato is a musical instruction denoted by a dot over the note and must be held for less than its full duration.


The pentagram or pattern is a system of five lines used to write musical notation.


The pentagram or pattern is a system of five lines used to write musical notation.

steel strips

Steel bands originally came from the West Indies and used drums made from used hammered oil drums to create a very distinctive percussive sound.

steel string guitar

A steel-string guitar is a guitar that only has steel strings.


A stem is the vertical line in musical notation that appears above or below a note or rhythm.


Strumming is a technique used when playing guitar-like instruments in which the right hand (if right-handed) plucks the strings with fingers or a pick in an upward or downward motion.

sustain pedal

The right pedal of the piano is the sustain pedal. The sustain pedal lengthens the tone by holding the dampers so they can vibrate freely.


Syncopation is the intentional change of rhythm in a piece of music so that the accent falls on the weakest beat of the measure. Syncopation can be very effective and is common in jazz music.


It refers to the process of retrieving parameters and producing results that resemble an original. Synthesis in this case refers to the processing of electronic parameters to create a sound from a synthesizer.


The word synthesizer is regularly abbreviated to the word synthesizer, which denotes an electronic instrument that contains a programmable computer chip that can emulate or reproduce sounds. A synthesizer or synthesizer is capable of generating sound using real-time control over key parameters of the sound. They synthesize frequency, timbre, amplitude, and duration to create a realistic sound. Most modern synthesizers include a MIDI interface that can be sent to another device or used as an input for another MIDI device.


A song transcribed in pseudo-musical form to facilitate reading. Most of the tabs are for guitars, but there are also tabs for drums. Piano tablature is usually a chord progression superimposed over a vocal sketch, allowing chords to be played while lyrics are referenced.


A tambourine is a small portable percussion instrument that is waved and struck by hand. The tambourine is equipped with rattling metal discs; these disks are called bells.


Tempo refers to the speed of a piece of music.


A tenor is the highest adult male falsetto voice.

three/four times

Three/four time signature means three quarter beats in a musical bar and is shown as a number 3 over 4 on the staff.


A tie is a curved line indicating that two notes of the same pitch are joined and played as one with the time value of both. So if two quarter notes are tied, this will play as 2 beats.

time stamp

A time signature is the sign at the beginning of a measure, usually with two digits one above the other. The bottom number in the measure shows the note value, and the top number in the measure shows how many beats are in each measure.


The timpani or timpani is a type of tunable drum commonly used in classical music. Timpani, or timpani, have a membrane stretched over a large, hollow metal casing, the tension of which is controlled by screws and/or a foot pedal. These screws are then tightened or loosened for adjustment.

tin whistle

The tin whistle is a wind instrument, usually made of thin metal, played by blowing into one of the six holes on the whistle and covering it. The tin whistle is also known as the penny whistle.


A toccata is a piece of music, usually for keyboard, organ, or brass.


The tone refers to the tone set in the tone. The term tone is also used to describe an interval of two semitones together, a whole tone.


The music transcription process is slow and tedious. It involves listening to a piece of music, determining its pitch, and describing the chords and bass notes used in the piece of music. The word transcribe means to make a written copy, sometimes by hand or on a machine, or even to paraphrase or summarize in writing. The transcription can be done through phonetic symbols; in the case of musical transcription, using chord symbols such as C#min7, or in musical notation, using half notes, eighth notes and rests.


Play music in a different key than the one in which it was written. Transposition may be required to accommodate a specific artist or instrument.

treble clef

The treble clef is a mark at the beginning of a piece of music that indicates the position of the G note above the middle C.


The Triangle is a small metal percussion instrument that produces a tinkling sound of indefinite pitch when played.


A trill is a musical technique in which notes alternate rapidly between the written note and the note immediately above or below it.


A triplet is a group of three notes played or sung in time, usually taken from two notes. This can be indicated by a small number 3 above the note connection bar.


A trombone is a long wind instrument played with a slide that lengthens or shortens the whistle, thus changing the pitch of the notes played.


The trumpet is a three-valve wind instrument.


The tuba is a classification of wind instrument with a low tone. The tuba classification includes euphonium, flugelhorn, helicon, saxophone, and sousaphone.

Tubular Bells

Tubular bells are an orchestral instrument made of hanging metal tubes. When struck, tubular bells produce a sound similar to church bells.


A tuning fork is a U-shaped metal bar, usually tuned to C or A. Choirs use tuning forks to provide an introductory note for unaccompanied pieces.

shout out

This is a small guitar-like instrument with four strings and a long scale.


The term unison means that everyone plays the music with the same melody and key.

upright piano

An upright piano is a variation on the classical grand piano, but it has vertical strings, as opposed to a grand piano where the strings run horizontally.


Valves are a mechanism in some wind instruments that changes the length of the instrument's inner tube, thus altering the pitch of the sound produced when the player blows into the mouthpiece.


The vibraphone is a percussion instrument with metal bars. Produces a sound similar to that of a piano.


The vibrato effect means that a note has rapid and regular pitch changes.


The viola belongs to the violin family, but is slightly larger and has a lower tone than the violin.


The violin is a bowed four-stringed instrument played by bowing the strings with a horsehair bow.

violin family

The violin family of instruments includes the fiddle, viola, cello (or cello), and double bass. In an orchestra, the violin far outranks other members of the violin family.


The virginal is the oldest variety of carnation, dating from the 16th century.


A waltz is a dance written in 3/4 time.


WAV is a digital audio file format similar to audio CDs. The WAV format is an exact audio format, which means that it is an exact digital copy of the original sound.

western harmonica

A western harmonica, also known as a harmonica, is a mouth-blown wind instrument consisting of a metal case housing a set of metal reeds. The harmonica or harmonica is mainly played in folk and blues music.

whole bar

A full beat in the song lasts one full measure in the song with a four-quarter time signature.

wind instruments

Wind instruments are those in which the sound is produced by the player blowing on or through them. Wind instruments are divided into woodwinds and brass instruments.

Wire brush

A wire brush is a type of drumstick with a set of semi-rigid wires at the end that is used to create a "brushing" sound on a drum. These are often used in jazz music.


Woodwind instruments are a classification of wind instruments, generally made of wood and with reed mouthpieces. Wind instruments include flutes, oboes, clarinets, bassoons, and saxophones.

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